Mexico is about to decriminalize pot, cocaine, opium and heroin. Under the proposed legislation, possession of small amounts of these drugs for personal use will not be pursued by the police. Congress has adopted the new law, and President Vincente Fox is expected to sign it. Trafficking in all these substances remains illegal.
As I have noted previously, decriminalization by itself is unlikely to change the nature of the drug wars; most police effort already targets traffickers rather than mere users. But if the Mexico's adoption of this law signals a general shift away from enforcing drug prohibition, it will have broad beneficial effects such as reducing the violence and corruption caused by this policy.